Kerala GKKerala Renaissance

Renaissance in Kerala Main Leaders Activities in Malayalam [PDF]

Welcome to know Renaissance in Kerala. Here we covered almost a to z of this topic which you can ensure 100 % marks from Renaissance kerala topic. Along with Kerala history Renaissance in kerala is also very important part in Kerala PSC exams. This complete article will definitely help you answer all the question from Renaissance.

If you need time to study, you can also download the PDF file from below. The article covered kerala renaissance leaders , main events list and explanation of main events happened from the formation of the renaissance in kerala.  

Kerala Renaissance Leaders

Find the list of kerala renaissance leaders during the mid 80’s and 90’s. We included all the important lists and their activities as a social reformer.

Sree Narayana Guru (1856 – 1928)

  • Who is known as “Father of Kerala Renaissance” : Sree Narayana Guru
  • Sree Narayana Guru was born on : 20th August 1856
  • House name of Sree Narayana Guru : Vayalvarathu Veedu
  • The Place where Sree Narayana Guru was
  • Born : Chempazhanthy (Thiruvananthapuram)
  • Sree Narayana guru’s father name : Madan Assan
  • Sree Narayana Guru’s mother name : Kuttiyamma
  • Sree Narayana Guru’s wife Name : Kaliyamma
  • Childhood name of Sree Narayana Guru : Narayanan
  • Sree Narayana Guru was the discipline of : Kunnampalli Raman Pillai Assan and Thycadu Ayya
  • The Yoga guru of Sree Narayana Guru : Thycadu Ayya
  • Sree Narayana Guru learned Hadayoga Vidya from : Thycadu Ayya
  • The place where Sree Narayana Guru started a school : Anchuthengu (1881)
  • The place where Sree Narayana Guru get enlightenment: Pillathadam cave (in Maruthwamala)
  • Maruthwamala is situated in : Kanyakumari (Tamilnadu)
  • Sree Narayana Guru is also known as : Nanu Assan
  • The year which Sree Narayana Guru met Chattambi Swami : 1882(Anniyoor Temple)
  • The first temple consecrated by Sree Narayana Guru in : Aruvippuram (1888)
  • Aruvippuram is situated on the banks of which river : Neyyar river (Neyyattinkara)
  • The first work of Sree Narayana Guru : Gajendramoksham Vanchipattu
  • Sree Narayana Guru dedicated his book “Gajendramoksham Vanchipattu” to : Chattambi Swami
  • The year which kumaranasan met Sree Narayana Guru : 1891(Kayikkara)
  • The year which Dr.Palpu met Sree Narayana Guru : 1895 (Bangalore)
  • The book which included the lines in Aruvippuram temple : Jathi Nirnayam
  • Dr.Palpu called Sree Narayana Guru as : Periya Swammi
  • Dr.Palpu called kumaranasan as : Chinna Swami
  • Aruvippuram temple society was formed in : 1898
  • SNDP yogam was founded on : 15th May 1903
  • Which organization was considered as the predecessor of SNDP : Vavoottu Yogam
  • Full form of SNDP : Sree Narayana Dharma Paripalana Yogam
  • The first and Permanent Chairman of SNDP : Guru
  • Headquarters of SNDP situated in : Kollam
  • The first Vice President of SNDP : Dr.Palpu
  • The first General Secretary of SNDP : Kumaranasan
  • The mouth piece of SNDP : Vivekodayam
  • The year which SNDP published Vivekodayam : 1904
  • The first editor of Vivekodayam : Kumaranasan
  • The official editor of Vivekodayam : M.Govindan
  • At present the mouth piece of SNDP : Yoganadam
  • Shivagiri Mutt at varkala was established on : 1904
  • which year the temple of Sarada consecrated by Sree Narayana guru : 1912 (Sivagiri)
  • Advaitha Ashramam at Aluva was established on : 1913
  • The motto of Aluva Advaitha Ashramam : Om Sahodaryam Sarvatra
  • Sree Narayana Guru founded Sanskrit School at Aluva in : 1916
  • The year which Sree Narayana Guru conducted all religious conference at the Aluva Advaitha Ashramam : 1924
  • The chairman of All religious conference : Justice Sivadasa Iyer
  • Theme of All religious conference: Not for argument but to know and Inform others
  • Ayyankali met Sree Narayana Guru in : 1912 (Balaramapuram)
  • Vagbhadanathan met Sree Narayana Guru in : 1914
  • Sree Narayana Guru met Ramana Maharishi in : 1916 (Thiruvannamalai)
  • Sree Narayana Guru visited Srilanka for the first time in : 1918
  • Sree Narayana Guru met Tagore in : 1922
  • Who translated the conversation between Tagore and Sree Narayana Guru : Kumaranasan
  • Sree Narayana Guru met CF.Andrews in : 1922
  • Sree Narayana Guru visited the vaikom sathyagrahis in : 1924
  • Sree Narayana Guru met Gandhiji in : 1925(Sivagiri)
  • Sree Narayana Guru visited Sri lanka for the last time : 1926
  • The famous Sivagiri Pilgrim Festival conducted on : December 30 to January 1
  • The famous Sivagiri Pilgrim Festival first conceived by : Vallabhasseri Govindan Vaidhyar and T.K.Kittan
  • The first Sivagiri Pilgrimage Group from the village of : Elavumthitta (Pattanamthitta)
  • Dress code of Sivagiri Pilgrims are : Bright Yellow
  • The first malayale to appear in the Indian postal stamp : Sree Narayana Guru
  • The first malayale to appear in the Sri lankan postal stamp : Sree Narayana Guru(2009)
  • The only foreign country visited by Sree Narayana Guru : Sri Lanka
  • The first malayalie to be inscribed on a coin of Reserve Bank of India : Sree Narayana Guru
  • Sree Narayana Jayanti Boat race conducted in : Kumarakam (Kottayam)
  • Sree Narayana Trophy Boat race conducted in : Kannetti kayal (karunagapalli)
  • The temple which Sree Narayana Guru consecrated first mirror : Kalavan Code (Om Shanti written on the surface of the mirror)
  • The poet who said that guru was the Second Buddha : G.Sankara Kurup
  • Who is responsible for the connection between Guru and Swami Vivekananda : Dr. Palpu
  • Sree Narayana Guru founded Sree Narayana Darma Sangam in : 1928 January
  • Sree Narayana Guru’s last public function was at : 1927(kottayam)
  • Sree Narayana Guru attains Samadhi in :
  • September 1928(white dress)
  • First statute of Sree Narayana Guru is in : Thalassery Jagannath temple
  • The first Sanyasa disciple of Sree Narayana Guru : Sivalinga Swamikal
  • The last Sanyasa disciple of Sree Narayana Guru : Anandatheertha swamikal 76.The disciple nominated by Sree Narayana Guru as his successor : Sree Bodhanda Swamikal
  • The first European disciple of Guru : Ernest Kerk
  • Sree Narayana Dharma Sangam was founded on : 9th January 1928
  • The lines “Act that one performs for own sake should also aim for the well being of others” are mentioned in : Athmopadesha Sathakam
  • The founder of Sree Narayana Trust(1952) : R. Shankar
  • The place where Sree Narayana Trust is situated : Kollam
  • he book Sree Narayana Dharma written by : Bodhanda Swamikal
  • Guru’s later literary work Atmopadesa Sathakam written in : Malayalam
  • The novel Guru is written by :K.Surendran
  • The book Brahman Sree Narayana Guru : T. Bhaskaran
  • Who translated the book Brahman Sree Narayana Guru into English : A.J. Thomas
  • Who translated.The book Brahman Sreenarayana guru into Tamil : Vijayakumar Kunnissery
  • Who translatedhe book Brahman Sreenarayanaguru into Hindi : H. Balasubramaniam
  • The book Narayana Guru Swami written by : M.k. Sanu
  • The film Yuga Purushan is directed by : M. Sukumaran
  • The Actor play the role of Sreenarayana guru in the film Yuga Purushan : Thalaivasal Vijay
  • The novel Narayaneeyam written by : Perumbadavam Sreedaran
  • The book Guru Deva karnamritham written by : Killimanoor Kesavan
  • The book yugapiravi written by : K.Vasudevan
  • The lines “One Caste, one Religion, One God for Man” are mentioned in : Jathimemamsa
  • Who is known as “Buddha of Kerala” : Sreenarayana guru
  • International Center for Sree Narayan Guru studies situated in : Navi mumbai (Maharashtra)

Chattampi Swamikal (1853 – 1924)

  • Chattambi swami was born on : 25 August 1853
  • The place where Chattambi Swami was born: Kollur (Kannammoola)
  • 3.The house name of Chattambi Swami : Ullorkodu Veedu
  • Chattambi Swami’s Father name : Vasudeva Sharma
  • Chattambi Swami’s Mother Name : Nangamma
  • Childhood name of Chattambi Swami was : Ayyappan
  • Real name 0r pet name of Chattambi Swami was : Kunjan pillai or Kunjan
  • The first Guru of Chattambi Swamikal : Pettayil Raman Pillai Assan
  • The Guru of Chattambi Swamikal : Thycadu Ayya
  • Chattambi Swami learned Hadayoga Vidya from : Thycadu Ayya
  • Who led Chattambi Swamikal to accept Hermitage : Subha Jata padikal
  • Chattambi Swami got Enlightenment at : Vadaveeswaram (Tamilnadu)
  • Who is known as “Sarva Vidyadirajan” : Chattambi Swami
  • After the attainment of Monkhood Chattambi Swami assumed the name : Shanmughadasan
  • who gave the name Shanmughadasan to Chattambi Swami : Thycadu Ayya
  • The Tamil Lecturer who taught Chattambi Swami Tamil Vedanta shastra : Swaminatha Desithar
  • The year which Chattambi Swamikal Visit Sree Narayana Guru : 1882
  • The place where Chattambi Swamikal met Sree Narayana Guru : Aniyoor temple
  • The book written by Sree Narayana Guru in the respect of Chattambi Swamikal : Navamanjari
  • The year which Chattambi Swamikal visited Swami Vivekanandan in : 1892 (Ernakulam)
  • “I met a real man in Malabar”who said this lines about Chattambi Swami : Swami Vivekanandan
  • The work of Chattambi Swamikal which
  • criticized Alathoor Sivayogi’s Mokshapradeepam : Mokshapradeepa Khandanam
  • The year which Chattambi Swamikal attain Mahasamadhi : 5 may 1924
  • Who is known as “saint without saffron” : Chattambi Swamikal
  • Who is known as the Great Scholar Saint of Kerala : Chattambi Swamikal
  • The place where Chattambi Swamikal attain Mahasamadhi : Panmana (Kollam)
  • The temple built by Chattambi Swami’s disciples at his resting place : Bala Bhattaraka Temple
  • Chattambi Swami is also Known as : Saravavidyathi Raja, Bala Bhattaraka
  • The year which Indian Postal department published stamp of Chattambi Swamikal : 30 April 2014

Brahmananda Sivayogi (1852-1929)

  • Brahmananda Shivayogi Born on – 26 December 1852
  • Brahmananda Shivayogi Born in – Kollankode (Palakkad)
  • Father’s Name – Kunjikrishna Menon
  • Mother’s Name – Nani Amma
  • Wife’s Name – Thavukutty Amma
  • Childhood Name – Govindankutty
  • Original Name – Karat Govindan Menon
  • Sanskrit Guru of Shivayogi – Padmanabha Sastri
  • Brahmananda Shivayogi is also known as – Alathur Shivayogi and Brahmananda Swami
  • Thavukutty Amma is also known as – Yogini Matha
  • Brahmananda Shivayogi was a practitioner of – Rajayoga
  • Who is the proponent of the idea Ananda Matham – Brahmananda Shivayogi
  • The founder of Ananda Mahasabha – Brahmananda Shivayogi (1918)
  • The founder of Sidhasramam – Brahmananda Shivayogi, Founded at Vanoor (Palakkad), Shifted to Alathur
  • Who is the proponent of the idea Anandajaathi – Brahmananda Shivayogi
  • Died on – 10 September 192
  • The book Brahmananda Swami Shivayogi was written by – Pavanan
  • The book Brahmananda Swami Shivayogi and His Selected works was written by – P.V.Gopalakrishnan
  • The book Biography of Brahmananda Swami Shivayogi was written by – A.K.Nair

Ayyankali (1866 – 1941)

  • Ayyankali was born on – 28th August 1863
  • The place where Ayyankali was born – Venganoor (Thiruvananthapuram)
  • Ayyankali’s house name – Plavathara Veedu
  • Ayyankali’s Father’s name is – Ayyan
  • Ayyankali’s Mother’s name is – Mala
  • Wife’s name is – Chellamma
  • Ayyankali’s childhood name was – Kali
  • Who is known as father of Modern Dalit – Ayyankali
  • Who is known as Pulayaraja – Ayyankali
  • The title Pulaya Raja given by – Gandhiji
  • The founder of Sadhu Jana Paripalana sangam – Ayyankali
  • The journal of Sadhu Jana Paripalana Sangam – Sadhujana paripalini
  • The first editior of Sadhujana paropalini – Chempamthara Kalichothi Karuppan
  • The year which the name of Sadhu Jana Paripalana Sangam was changed into Pulaya Mahasabha – 1938
  • Ayyankali started Kudipallikodam at – Venganoor (1905)
  • The year which Ayyankali met Sree Narayana Guru in – 1912 (Balaramapuram)
  • The founder of Kochi Pulayasabha – Ayyankali
  • The leader of Villuvandi Samaram(1893) – Ayyankali
  • Villuvandi Samaram begin and end in –
  • Venganoor to Thiruvananthapuram
  • The leader of Thonooramand Samaram(1915) – Ayyankali
  • Thonooramand Samaram is also known as – Ooruttambalam revolt
  • The leader of Kallumala Samaram – Ayyankali
  • Kallumala Samaram took place in – Kollam(1915)
  • Kallumala Samaram also known as – Perinadu Lahala
  • First Dalit person become member in Sree Moolam Prajasabha – Ayyankali
  • Ayyankali died on- 18th June 1941
  • Ayyankali’s tomb is known as – Panjajanyam (Chithrakoodam)
  • The headquarters of Kerala SC and ST Development Corporation is situated in – Thrissur (Ayyankali Bhavan)
  • Who called Ayyankali as the Great Son of India – Indira Gandhi
  • The statue of Ayyankali situated at – Kawadiar square (Thiruvananthapuram)
  • Who unveiled the statue of Ayyankali at Kawadiar square – Indira Gandhi
  • The year which Kerala Government started Ayyankali Urban Employment Guarantee Scheme – 2010
  • The year which Indian Postal Department published postage stamp in the memory of Ayyankali – 12th August 2002
  • Which University sets up a chair in the name of Ayyankali- Central University in kasargoad
  • The Prime Minister who attended 152nd birth anniversary of Ayyankali – Narendra Modi

Thycaud Ayya (1814 – 1909)

  • Thycaud Ayya Swamikal was born in ? – 1814
  • Thycaud Ayya Swamikal was born at ? – Nakalapuram (Tamilnadu)
  • Father’s Name ? – Muthukumaran
  • Mother’s Name ? – Rukmini Ammal
  • Spouse Name ? – Kammalammal
  • The first social reformer in kerala ? – Thycaud Ayya
  • The original name of Thycaud Ayya was ? – Subharayan
  • Thycaud Ayya was also known as ? – Ayya Swamikal, Sivarajayogi, Superintendent Ayya
  • Who is known as Great Guru of Guru ? – Thycaud Ayya
  • Who is known as “Hadayogopadheshta” ? – Thycaud Ayya
  • Who is known as The great teacher of Sivarajayoga ? – Thycaud Ayya Swamikal
  • The first social reformer who introduced panthibhojan (inter- dinning) ? – Thycaud Ayya
  • The famous slogan of Thycaud Ayya was ? – Intha Ulakathile Orae Oru Jathi than, orae aur Matham than, ore oru kadavul than
  • The two Saint’s who gave spiritual learning to Thycaud Ayya ? – Sachidananda Maharaj and Chitti Paradeshi
  • The founder’s of Shaiva Prakasha Sabha ? – Thycaud Ayya and Manonmanian Sundaran Pillai
  • Shaiva Prakasha Sabha is situated at ? – Chalai (Thiruvananthapuram)
  • The social reformer who became Superintendent of the Thycaud Residency ?-Thycaud Ayya(After that people respectfully called him as Superintendent Ayya)
  • Died on ? – 20 July 1909
  • The main idol of Thycaud Ayya Swami Temple ? – Lord Siva
  • Name of the Annual celebration conducted in Thycaud Ayya Swami Temple ? – Guru Pooja
  • The year which Thycaud Ayya mission was formed ? – 1984 (Thiruvananthapuram)
  • Chairman of Thycaud Ayya Mission ? – G. Ravi Kumar

Kuriakose Elias Chavara (1805 – 1871)

  • First Seminary started by Kuriakose Elias Chavara is at ? – Mannanam
  • The Year which Deepika printed from Mannanam press ? – 1887
  • Kuriakose Elias Chavara Started a Printing press at ? – Mannanam
  • First first book printed from Mannanam press ? – Jnanapeeyusham
  • The oldest daily in kerala Deepika(1887) first time printed from ? – Mannanam press
  • First Catholic Sanskrit School Started in ? – Mannanam (Kottayam) and Koonammavu (Ernakulam)
  • Kuriakose Elias Chavara become Vice General for the Syro Malabar Catholic Curch in ? – 1861
  • The system called “A school along with every church” was introduced by ? – Kuriakose Elias Chavara
  • A school along with every church” was introduced for ? – Give free education and knowledge for every one
  • The First Indigenous Congregation of women ? – CMC(Congregation of the Mothers of Carmal)
  • The year which CMC started in ? – 1866
  • In wich year Kuriakose Elias Chavara Died in ? – 3 January 1871(Koonammavu)
  • Kuriakose Elias Chavara’s Mortal kept in ? – St Joseph Monastery (Mannanam)
  • The book “Chavara Achan : Oru Rekha Cithram” written by ? – K.C.Chacko
  • Kuriakose Elias Chavara get the Status of Venerable in ? – 1984 (John Pole second)
  • Kuriakose Elias Chavara was Beatified on ? – 1986 February 8 (John Pole second)
  • Kuriakose Elias Chavara was Canonized in ? – 23 November 2014
  • Kuriakose Elias Chavara was Canonized by ? – Pop Francis(St Peters Square)
  • The year which Indian Postal Department published postage stamp in the memory of Kuriakose Elias Chavara ?- 20 December 1987
  • The book “Jeevitham thanna Sandesham : Vishudha Chavarayuda Jeevitham “written by ? – M.K.Sanu (biography of Kuriakose Elias Chavara)
  • The book “Akashadeepangal Sakshi” written by ? – John Antony
  • The book “A Pearl Truly Indian” written by ? – F.R.Thomas Panthaplackal
  • Who introduced PIDIYARI SYTEM in Kerala ? – Kuriakose Elias Chavara

Vaikunda Swami (1820 – 1851)

  • Born on ? – 12 March 1809
  • Born at ? – Swamithoppu (Tamilnadu)
  • Father? – Ponnu Madan
  • Mother? – Veyilal Amma
  • Wife ? – Thirumalammal
  • First name of Ayya Vaikundar ? – Mudichoodum Perumal (Means – Lord With a Crown) (Later changed – Muthukutty)
  • Ayya Vaikundar called the Travancore King as ? – Ananthapuri Devil
  • Ayya Vaikundar called the British Rule as ? – Rule of White Devil (Ven Neechan)
  • Ayya Vaikundar called the Travancore Rule as ? – Rule of Black Devil
  • Who raised voices against Devadasi system ? – Ayya Vaikundar
  • The main pathi of the Ayyavazhi Religion ? – Swamithoppu Pathi
  • Founder of Samathwa Samajam (1836) ? – Vaikunda Swamikal
  • Vaikunda Swamikal started meditation at ? – Poovandar Thoppu (Swami Thoppu)
  • The main disciple of Vaikunda Swamikal ? – Thycaud Ayya
  • Ayya Vaikundar was arrested and imprisoned at ? – Singarathoppu Jail (1838) (Travancore) (king – Swathi Thirunal) (Released on = 1839)
  • Who organised Thuvayal Panthi Koottayma ? – Ayya Vaikundar
  • Aim of Thuvayal Panthi Koottayma ? – Bring a social change among Lower castes
  • Who organised Sama Panthi Bhojanam ? – Ayya Vaikundar
  • Who is known as ‘Sampoorna Devan’ ? – Ayya Vaikundar
  • The founder of the Spiritual thoughts Ayya Vazhi (The Path of the father) ? – Ayya Vaikundar
  • Name of the books shares the idea of Ayya Vazhi ? – Akhilathiruttu Ammanai and Arulnool
  • The Symbol of Ayya Vazhi ? – A Lotus Carrying a Flame
  • Who constructed public well for people ? – Vaikunda Swamikal
  • The well named Muthira Kinar or Swami Kinar is situated at ? – Swamithoppu
  • The first pathi was built in ? – Swamithoppu
  • Vaikunda Temple is located at ? – Swamithoppu (Kanyakumari)
  • Died on ? – 1851

V. T. Bhattathiripad (1896 – 1982)

  • Full Name of V.T. Bhattathiripad – Vellithiruthi Thazhattu Karutha Patteri Raman Bhattatiripad
  • Born on – 26 March 1896
  • Born at – Mezhathur
  • Father – Thuppan Bhattathiripad
  • Mother – Sreedevi Andarjanam
  • Who Propagated Mixed Caste Marriage in Brahmin Society – V.T. Bhattathiripad
  • V.T. Bhattathiripad was one of the prominent member in – Yogakshema Sabha
  • Yogakshema Sabha was founded on – 1908 (Aluva)
  • First President of Yogakshema Sabha – Deshamangalathu Sankaran Namboothiripad
  • The mouth piece of Yogakshema Sabha – Mangalodhayam
  • The Slogan of Yogakshema Sabha – Make Namboothiries into Human beings
  • Founder of Namboothiri Yuvajana Sangam (1919) – V.T. Bhattathiripad
  • The mouth piece of Namboothiri Yuvajana Sangam – Unni Namboothiri
  • The drama “Adukkalayil Ninnum Arangathekku” was written by – V.T. Bhattathiripad
  • The drama “Adukkalayil Ninnum Arangathekku” was first performed at – Edakkunni (1929)
  • The leader of Yajana Yathra – V.T. Bhattathiripad
  • Yajana Yathra was conducted on – 26 April 1931
  • Yajana Yathra was conducted from – Thrissur to Chandragiripuzha (Kasaragod) Aim – Education of the Poor Children
  • Autobiography of V.T. Bhattathiripad – Kannerum Kinavum
  • The winner of Kerala Sahithya Academy Award in 1972 – V.T. Bhattathiripad
  • Died on – 12 February 1982
  • Winner of V.T. Memorial Award 20ll – Akkitham Achuthan Namboothiripad
  • Winner of V.T. Memorial Award 2012 – Dr. K.Srikumar
  • The V.T. Bhattathiripad College is situated in – Sreekrishnapuram (Palakkad)

Dr. Palpu (1863 – 1950)

  • Dr.Palpu was born on – 2 November 1863
  • Born at – Pettah (Thiruvananthapuram)
  • House Name – Nedugottu Veedu
  • Father – Padmanabhan
  • Mother – Matha Perumal
  • Wife – Bhagavathi Amma
  • First Guru – Pettayil Ramanpillai Assan
  • The first Graduate from Ezhava Community in Travancore- Velayudhan (Brother of Dr. Palpu)
  • The first Medical Graduate from Ezhava Community in Travancore – Dr.Palpu
  • Malayali Memorial was submitted in – 1891
  • Leader of Malayali Memorial – Barrister G.P.Pillai
  • Other important leaders of Malayali Memorial – K.P.Sankaramenon and Dr.Palpu
  • The Founder of Ezhava Maha Sabha (Greater Ezhava Association) – Dr.Palpu (1896)
  • The first meeting of Ezhava Maha Sabha (Greater Ezhava Association) was held at – Thiruvananthapuram
  • The leader of Ezhava Memorial – Dr.Palpu
  • The number of people who signed in Ezhava Memorial – 13176
  • Ezhava Memorial was submitted to – Sree Moolam Thirunal
  • Ezhava Memorial was submitted on – 3 September 1896
  • The leader of Second Ezhava Memorial – Dr.Palpu
  • Second Ezhava Memorial was submitted in – 1900
  • Second Ezhava Memorial was submitted to – Lord Curzon
  • The book “Treatment of Thiyyas in Travancore” was written by – Dr.Palpu
  • The Article “Thiruvithamkotte Theeyan” was written by – Dr.Palpu (In Madras Mail Daily)
  • Dr.Palpu met Swami Vivekananda in – 1882 (Mysore)
  • Dr.Palpu met Sreenarayana Guru in – 1895 (Bengaluru)
  • The founder of Malabar Economic Union – Dr.Palpu
  • Dr.palpu called Sreenarayana Guru as – Periya Swami
  • Dr.palpu called kumaranasan as – Chinna Swami
  • Who is known as “Political Father of the Ezhavas” – Dr.Palpu
  • Who describes him as the “Political Father of the Ezhavas” – Ritty Lukose
  • Dr.Palpu was died on – 25 January 1950
  • The founder of sree Narayana Gurukulam (situated in Nilgiris) – Dr.Nataraja Guru (Son of Dr.Palpu)
  • The book “Dr.Palpu” was written by – Velayudhan Panilasherri
  • The book “Dr.Palpu Dharmabodhathil Jeevicha Karmayogi” was written by – M.K.Sanu
  • The book Dr.Palpu was written by – T.K.Madhavan
  • The winner of first Dr.Palpu Memorial Award 2012 – Dr. M.R.Rajagopal
  • The winner of Dr.Palpu Memorial Award 2013 – M.K.Sanu
  • The winner of Dr.Palpu Memorial Award 2014 – V.M.Sudheeran

Ayillyath K Gopalan (1904 – 1977)

  • Born in – 1904 October 1
  • Born at – Peralasseri (Kannur)
  • Full name – Ayillyath Kuttiari Gopalan
  • Father – Madhavi Amma
  • Mother – 2 November 1863
  • Wife – Susheela Gopalan
  • Who is known as The Crusader of the Down Trodden – A.k.Gopalan
  • The year in which A.K.G Joined Indian National Congress – 1927
  • The year in which A.K.G arrested for participation in Salt Satyagraha – 1930
  • The Volunteer Captain of Guruvayoor Satyagraha – A.K.G
  • Leader of “Kshethra Satyagraha Yathra” (In connection with Guruvayur Satyagraha) – A.K.G
  • The leader of Thiruvannoor Cotton Mill Strike – A.K.G (1935)
  • Leader of Hunger March – A.K.Gopalan, In – 1936, From – Kannur to Madrass
  • The year in which A.K.G become the Secretary of Kerala Communist Party – 1944
  • The founders of Calicut Labour Union – A.K.G and Krishnan Pillai
  • A.K.G was elected to Loksabha from – Kasaragod (1952)
  • The First Communit Opposition leader of the Loksabha – A.K.G
  • Who played an major role in the formation of Indian Coffee House – A.K.G
  • First Indian Coffee House in Kerala was started at – Thrissur (8 March 1958)
  • The Autobiography of A.K.G – Ente Jeevitha Kadha
  • Major Works – For Land, Work in Parliament, Around the World
  • Died on – 22 March 1977
  • A.K.G Day – March 22
  • A.K.G Tomb is situated at – Payyambalam Beach (Kannur)
  • A.K.G Memorial Library and Cultural Centre is situated at – Thalookkara Village (Malappuram)
  • The National Headquarters of CPI(M) – A.K.G Bhavan
  • A.K.G Bhavan is situated in – Delhi
  • The State Headquarters of CPI(M) in Kerala – A.K.G Center (Thiruvananthapuram)
  • A.K.G Statue is situated at – Kannur
  • The Malayalam film “AKG – Athijeevanathinte Kanal Vazhi” was directed by – Shaji.N.Karun
  • In the film “AKG – Athijeevanathinte Kanal Vazhi” the role of A.K.G was done by – P.Sreekumar
  • The year which Indian Postal Department published postage stamp in the memory of A.K.G – 1 October 1990

N. Kumaran Ashan (1873 – 1924)

  • Birth place of Kumaranasan – Kayikkara (Thiruvananthapuram)
  • Born on – 12th April 1873
  • Kumaranasan died on – 1924 January 16
  • The only poet in Malayalam became Mahakavi without writing a mahakavyam – Kumaranasan
  • The title ‘Mahakavi’ was given to Kumaranasan by – Madras University
  • Who was known as ‘Sneha Gayakan’ (Poet of love) – Kumaranasan
  • First malayalam poet appeared on Indian postal stamps – Kumaranasan.
  • First  poet  to  became  a  member  of Travancore Legislative assembly-Kumaranasan
  • Kumaranasan was one of the triumvirate poets of Kerala (the other two were Vallathol Narayana Menon andUlloor S. Paraneswaralyer)
  • Kumaranasan undertook a studentship in poetry under – Manamboor Govindan Asan
  • The work of Kumaranasan written in the Vanchipattu Vruthum – Karuna
  • The plays written by Kumaranasan – Vichitravijayam , Mrityunjayam
  • Veena poovu was published for the first time in – Mithavadi
  • Kumaranasan was honoured by Prince of Wales in – 1922
  • The character ‘Mathangi’ is in which poem of Kumaranasan – Chandalabhikshuki
  • “Change the rules ,if not, you will be changed by them ‘ was the warning given by – Kumaranasan
  • The childhood name of Kumaranasan – Kumaru
  • The translation of ‘Light of Asia’ written by Kumaranasan – Sribuddha Charitham
  • 19.1First notable work of Kumaranasan – Veena Poovu
  • The spot where Asan met with premature death was later named – Kumarakoti

C V Kunhiraman

He was a follower of Sree Narayana Guru.

Kunhiraman opened his journalistic career in Sujananadini, published by Paravoor Kesavanasan from Paravoor, Kollam.

C V Kunjuraman used the pen name ‘Simhalan’

An activist in the SNDP Yogam, he was elected its general secretary in 1928 and 1931.

Valmiki Ramayanam, was his first work to come out in print, in 1901.

In 1911 at Mayyanad CV launched Kerala Kaumudi as a weekly newspaper and He also was the founder editor of Malayalarajyam.

Kerala Kaumudi had grown over the years as one of the most influential dailies in Malayalam, that has raised its voice against injustice on all fronts. Its sharp criticism, daring opinions and powerful language created a trend in Travancore.

Kunhiraman was also the editor of Malayalarajyam, Navajeevan, Kathamalika, Yukthivadi, Navasakthi and Vivekodayam

He had been on the editorial board of Malayala Rajyam, Navajeevan, Navasakthi, Malayala Manorama, Bhashaposhini, Kathamalika, Vivekodayam and Yuktivadi.

C.V. has been hailed for his role behind the historic Temple Entry Proclamation (1936).

Pandit Karuppan (1885 – 1938)

  • C V Kunhiraman was a man of letters, social reformer, founder of Kerala Kaumudi, journalist and leader.
  • Full name of K.P.Karuppan: Kandathu Parambil Pappu Karuppan
  • Original name of Pandit Karuppan: Sankaran
  • Born on: 24 may 1885
  • Born at: Cheranelloor (Ernakulam)
  • Father’s name: Pappu
  • Mother’s name: Kochupennu
  • Wife’s name: Kunhamma
  • Daughter’s name: Parvathy
  • The house were Pandit Karuppan lived in: Sahitya Kudeeram (Ernakulam)
  • Pandit Karuppan belongs to which community: Dheevara (Fisherman)
  • The first guru of Karuppan: Azheekal Velu Vaidyan
  • Who is the leader of Kayal Sammelanam: Pandit Karuppan
  • Kayal Sammelanam was organised in: 14 February 1914
  • Kayal Sammelanam conducted on: Kochi Kayal
  • The year which Pandit Karuppan was appointed as the member of Cochin Legislative Assembly: 1925
  • The first poem of Pandit karuppan: Sthothramandaram
  • The first book in Malayalam literature questioning the cast system and untouchability: Jathikummi
  • The book written by Pandit karuppan to generate awareness against Superstitions: Acharabhooshanam
  • The first Sabha was founded by Pandit Karuppan: Kalyanadayini Sabha, Situated in-Anapuzha (Kodungalloor)
  • Founder of Prabodha ChandrodayaSabha: Pandit Karuppan, Situated in – North paravoor
  • Founder of Sanmarga Pradeepa Sabha : Pandit Karuppan, Situated in – Kumbalam
  • Founder of Vala Samudaya Parishkarini Sabha: Pandit Karuppan, Situated in – Thevara
  • Founder of Araya Samajam: Pandit Karuppan
  • Founder of Araya Vamsha Dharani Sabha: Pandit Karuppan, Situated in – Engandiyoor
  • Founder of Jnanodayam Sabha: Pandit Karuppan, Situated in – Eda Kochi
  • Who is known as “Lincoln of Kerala”: Pandit K.P.karuppan
  • The title kavithilakan (Great Poet) was given to Pandit karuppan by: Maharaja of Cochin
  • The title Sahitya Nipuna was given to Pandit karuppan by: Maharaja of Cochin
  • The title Vidwan was given to Pandit karuppan by: Kerala Varma Valiyakoi Thampuran
  • Pandit K.P.Karuppan died on : 23 March 1938 (Pleurisy disease)
  • Pandit Karuppan monument is situated at : Cheranelloor
  • Pandit karuppan Smaraka Grammena Vayanasala(1953)Situated in : Cheranelloor
  • Founder of Pandit karuppan Smaraka Grammena Vayanasala : A.K.Velappan
  • The Pandit karuppan prize Instituted by : Pandit karuppan Vichara Vedic, Prize money = 25000/-
  • The first winner of Pandit Karuppan prize : Sugathakumari(2013)
  • Winner of Pandit karuppan prize 2014 : Matha Amrithanandamayi
  • Winner of Pandit karuppan prize 2015: Swami Chidananda Puri
  • The book Pandit Karuppan Jeevithavum Porattavum written by: Gopinath panangad
  • The book Pandit Karuppan (Malayalam) written by: Rajesh K Erumeli

Mannathu Padmanabhan (1870 – 1970)

  • Mannathu Padmanabhan was born on : 2nd January 1878
  • The birth place of Mannathu Padmanabhan: Perunna (Kottayam)
  • Father name ? : Eeshwaran Namboothiri
  • Mother name ? : Parvathiamma
  • Wife name ? : Thottakadu Madhaviamma
  • NSS was formed in : 31 October 1914
  • The founder of NSS : Mannath padmanabhan
  • The Headquarters of NSS is situated at : Perunna (Kottayam
  • NSS was formed on the model of : Servants of India Society(Gopala Krishna Gokhale
  • NSS was earlier named as : Nair Brithyajana Sangam
  • The mouth piece of NSS : Service
  • Service started its edition from : Karukachal (Kottayam)
  • The year which NSS was registered under Indian Companies Act : 1925
  • The name Nair Brithyajana Sangam was suggested by : Kappana Kannan Menon
  • The first President of NSS : K.Kelappan
  • The first Secretary of NSS : Mannath padmanabhan
  • The first treasury of NSS : Panagattu Kesavapaniker
  • Nair Brithyajana Sangam took the name NSS in : 11 July 1915
  • The name NSS was suggested by : K.Paramupillai
  • The first school of NSS started in : Karukachal ( Kottayam)
  • The first principal of Karukachal NSS School : K.Kelappan
  • The first College of NSS started in : Perunna (Kottayam)
  • The first Karayoga of NSS started in : Thattayil (Pattanamthitta)
  • The year in which All kerala Nair Meeting was started : 1916
  • The song “Akhilandamandalam” is written by : Panthallam K.P.RamanPillai
  • Mannath padmanabhan was nominated to Sree Moolam prajasabha in : 1921
  • Savarna Jadha was led by : Mannath padmanabhan
  • Savarna jadha conducted from : Vaikom to trivandrum
  • Savarna Jadha was organised as a part of : Vaikkom agitation
  • Vaikom Memorial was submitted to : Rani Lekshmi Bhai
  • The President of Guruvayoor Sathyagraham Committee : Mannath padmanabhan
  • The Secretary of Guruvayoor Sathyagraham Committee : K.Kelappan
  • Mannath padmanabhan become INC member in : 1947
  • The famous “Muthukulam Speech” related to : Mannath padmanabhan (1947)
  • Mannath padmanabhan become a member of Travancore Legislative Assembly in : 1949
  • The first President of Travancore Devasaom Board : Mannath padmanabhan
  • Vimochana Samaram(Liberation Struggle) was in the year : 1959
  • Who lead the Jeevasikha Yatra as a part of Vimochana Samaram : Mannath padmanabhan
  • Jeevasikha Yatra conducted from : Angamali to Thiruvananthapuram
  • The causes of Vimochana Samaram(Liberation Struggle) : The introduction of an education bill
  • The leader of Vimochana Samaram(Liberation Struggle) : Mannath Padmanabhan
  • The name Vimochana Samaram suggested by : Panampalli Govinda Menon
  • The movement caused the dismissal of the first Communist Government (31 July

Vakkom Moulavi (1873 – 1932)

  • Born on : 28 December 1873
  • Born at : Vakkom (Chiryinkeehu Taluk in Thiruvananthapuram)
  • House name : Poonthran Vilakam Veedu
  • Father : Muhammad Kunju
  • Mother : Aash Beevi
  • Vakkom Muhammed Abdul Khadar Moulavi is also known as : Vakkom Moulavi
  • Father of Muslim Renaissance in Kerala : Vakkom Muhammed Abdul Khadar Moulavi
  • Vakkom Moulavi Published the journal “Muslim” in : 1906
  • Vakkom Moulavi Published an Arabi-Muslim journal Al-Islam in : 1918
  • Vakkom Moulavi Published the journal “Deepika” in : 1931
  • The journal in which Malayalam translation of Quran was published : Deepika
  • The founder of the news paper Swadeshabhimani : Vakkom Moulavi
  • The news paper Swadeshabhimani was established on : 19 january 1905 (Anchu thengu)
  • The first editor of the news paper Swadeshabhimani : C.P.Govinda Pillai
  • Ramakrishna Pillai took over the editorial charge of Swadeshabhimani on : 1906
  • The  year  which  Swadeshabhimani Newspaper office was moved to Thiruvananthapuram : 1907
  • The news paper Swadeshabhiman was Banned on : 26 December 1910, Reason –
  • Criticisms against The Government and Diwan of Travancore, King – Sreemoolam Tirunal , Diwan of Travancore – P.Rajagopalachari
  • The founder of All Travancore Muslim Mahajanasabha : Vakkom Muhammed Abdul Khadar Moulavi
  • The founder of Muslim Ayikya Sangam (1922) : Vakkom Muhammed Abdul Khadar Moulavi
  • Muslim Ayikya Sangam is situated in: Kodungallur
  • The founder of Islamic Publishing house: Vakkom Muhammed Abdul Khadar Moulavi (1931)
  • Major works of Vakkom Muhammed Abdul Khadar Moulavi :Daussabah, Islamic
  • Matha,    Sidantha Samgraham, Islamic
  • Sandesham, Ahlu Sunnathuwal Jamaath,
  • Surat ul Fathima
  • Died on : 31 October 1932
  • Founder of Vakkom Maulavi Foundation Trust : K.M.Bashir
  • Vakkom Maulavi Foundation Trust is
  • situated in : Thekkummoodu (Thiruvananthapuram)
  • The first Winner of the Vakkom Maulavi Foundation Trust’s N.A.Karim Award : P.V.Rajagopal
  • Vakkom Maulavi Centre for Studies and
  • Researchr: Calicut

Events Happened on Renaissance Kerala

Kerala has undergone sweeping changes in every field of life- social, cultural, political economic, scientifical educational etc after 1850’s. So here are some of the main lists of events happened because of Renaissance in Kerala.

During the Renaissance, Kerala period noticed big change in social, education, political and cultural life of peoples. We can expect questions based on this along with Current Affairs in PSC exams.

  • 1834-Swathi thirunal started English school later converted to University college in Thiruvananthapuram
  • 1847-‘Rajya samaacharam-first newspaper in Malayalam from Thalassery basil mission
  • 1867-  textbook committee under Aayilya  thirunaal of Travancore  chaired  by Annaji Raayar first and after his death keral varma valiy koyi thampuran for qualitative improvement in curriculum of schools
  • 1888Aruvippuram ‘Siva Idol ‘consecration by Narayan Guru
  • 1891-Malayali memorial
  • 1896-Ezhava memorial
  • 1903-Formation of SNDP Yogam
  • 1905-‘Swadeshabhimani’ newspaper was started BY Vakkom Abdul Khader
  • 1907-Formation of ‘Saadhu Jana Paripalana yogam’ by Ayyankaali
  • 1910– Swadeshabhimani Ramakrishna Pillai was sent on exile
  • 1914-Bhasha parishkarana committee Chaired by Ulloor S Parameswara Iyer & T.K Krishna Menon
  • 1915-Formation of NSS(Nair Service Society )by Mannathu Padmanabhan
  • 1920– Gandhiji visited Kerala for the first time
  • 1921– Malabar Rebellion & Wagon tragedy & First All Kerala Congress Meeting at Ottappalam in Palakkad
  • 1924-Vaikom Satyagraha
  • 1925– Gandhiji-Sree Narayana Guru Meeting
  • 1931-32-Guruvayur satyagraha
  • 1932-Nivarthana Prakshobhanam
  • 1936-Nov12-Temple Entry Proclamation in Travancore by Chithira thirunaal Balarama varma, & Electricity agitation in Thrissur against privatization
  • 1937-Travancore University established (now Kerala University)
  • 1938- Travancore state Congress was formed, Raajadhani march lead by Akkamma Cheriyan & Inauguration of High court of Kochi
  • 1939– Formation of the Communist party
  • 1941-Kayyoor Riot
  • 1946-Punnapra-Vayalar agitation
  • 1947-48- Paaliyam satyagraha
  • 1949– Unification of Princely states of Travancore & Kochi
  • 1956– Nov 1-State of Kerala was formed

Explanation of Renaissance Kerala Events

Find some of the important events that boosts Renaissance in kerala during the 80’s and 90’s. Those will help you get minimum 2 marks in Kerala PSC and related exams. We can expect at least 2 questions from renaissance kerala topic, and we covered almost all the points on renaissance here.

Attingal Rebellion – 1721

  • First organized rebellion in India against the British rule
  • Occurred in anchuthengu near attingal (now in Thiruvananthapuram district).
  • Tussle between British merchants and native mechants.
  • Anchuthengu fort was kept under siege for six months by the rebels .
  • In 1722 a pact was signed between Attingal Rani and British.

Kurichya Rebellion 1812

  • It was farmers rebellion against the British. It was an after effect of pazhassi rebellion that happened earlier.
  • Kurichyas was a sect in adivasis of Malabar.They and their leader Tahalakkal chandu supported pazhassi .
  • British oppressed them with taxing out huge revenue from the poor farmers.
  • Farmers protested violently ,but the rebellion was comp letely suppressed by the British.

Channar rebellion(Melmundu Samaram) – 1859

  • It happened in Travancore in which Channar(a lower caste according to Hindu caste system) ladies protested to wear blouse which was not allowed at that time.
  • On july 26th 1859 uthram thirunal made a proclamation by which all ladies irrespective of caste were allowed to wear blouse

Malayali memorial – 1891

  • A mass petition filed to Sree Moolam thirunal of Travancore which sought for appointment of malayalees in higher offfial posts.
  • Leaders were C.V Raman pillai,K.P Sankara Menon,K.P.Padmanabha menon,G.P.Pillai etc

Ezhava Memorial – 1896

  • A  mass petition filed to  Sree moolam thirunal  under the leadership of Dr Palpu ,who was a medical graduate .
  • Appointment of lower caste people in government posts was the main point in the petition.
  • Again in 1900 they gave a mass petition to Lord Curzon,Viceroy ,when he came to Travancore. But nothing fructified.

Malabar Rebellion – 1921

  • Khilafat movement ,which was a pan islamist movement against the British got roots in Malabar also.
  • Rebellion started gainst the British and also the native land lords.
  • It mainly happened in eranad & valluvanad taluks of Malabar.
  • Variyan kunnath kunjahammed haji,seethikoya,aali musaliyar are the prominent leaders
  • Death toll was heavy on both sides.
  • Rebellion was brutally suppressed ,about 10,000 people lost their lives.

Wagon Tragedy 1921 ,Nov 10

  • Part of Malabar rebellion
  • Arrested rebels transported from Tirur Railway station to Bellary jail in a goods train named M.S.L.V 1711.
  • More than ninety people were transported in a single wagon. It was thickly congested so they could not even breath.
  • 64 people was found dead when the wagon reached podanoor near Coimbatore and 8 more died in hospital.
  • Wagon with dead bodies was returned back to Tirur. Wagon Tragedy memorial town hall  is now at Tirur ,Malappuram District.
  • It was one of the most gruesome incidents during the freedom struggle.

Vaikom Satyagraha (1924–25)

  • It was  in Travancore, against untouchability in Hindu society. The movement was centered at the Shiva temple at Vaikom, near Kottayam.
  • Started on 1924 march 30th.
  • Leaders of the sathyagrha are T. K. Madhavan ,K.Kelappan, K. P. Kesava Menon,kuroor neelakantan namboothirippad,mannathu padmanabhan,T.R Krishnas wami Iyer .
  • Non Hindus like barrister George Joseph, Bhajematharam Mathunni and Abdul Rahman (the Editor inChief of The Young India) came forward to offer Satyagraha
  • Gandhiji visited vaikom during the struggle
  • The streets in the temple area were opened to all people (except the eastern path)on nov 23,1925.
  • In 1928 a proclamation was made in Travancore by which all temple paths were opened for all people.

Salt Sathyagraha in Kerala – 1930

  • Payyannur in kannur district was the centre of salt sathyagraha in Kerala
  • Leaders were K.Kelappan,T.R krishnaswamy Iyer,P.krishna pillai etc

Guruvayoor Sathyagraha 1931 – 32

  • The struggle was to provide access to Sree Krisna temple at Guruvayoor for all Hindus.
  • Started by K.P.C.C under the Leadership of K.Kelappan.
  • A.K .Gopalan,mannathu padmanbhan were leaders of the struggle.
  • Sathyagraha was called off as per the direction of Gandhiji.
  • Nivarthana struggle (Nivarthana Prakshobham)
  • It was joint struggle by Hindu backward classes,Muslims &christians to achieve prper representation in legislative assemblies

Kayyoor Riot – 1941

  • Kayyoor is a village in kasargod district
  • Communist party organized peasents and acted against land lrds and British govt.
  • One policeman was killed when they tried to stop a procession organized by the party.
  • Police captured 61 workers and 4 of them were hanged to death on march 29th 1943.
  • EK Naynar,AV Kunjambu etc participated in the struggle

Punnapra –vayalar rebellion (1946)

  • In Travancore a bill for extending the official period of Diwan to 5 more years.
  • Communist party protested against the move
  • Police killed almost 200 people on October. Another 280 people killed in protest organised against the first attack.
  • It was the bloodiest agitation in history of modern kerala. 
  • Famous slogan ‘American Model Arabikkadalil’’ used in this agitation

Find Renaissance in Kerala questions and answers in Malayalam PDF for Kerala PSC exams. You can download the PDF file by clicking download button below.

The Renaissance Kerala also known as Navodhanam or Reformation. During that time significant changes  performed which changed entire cultural, social respects for all religions or casts. You can also download Latest Current Affairs PDF file here.

Download English PDF

source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kerala_reformation_movement

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